The symptoms of depression can vary from person to person. Everyone is different. Depression is generally observed as being a persistent state of sadness or a loss of the ability to experience pleasure. Those experiencing depression often lose interest in everyday activities or hobbies that they enjoyed in the past.
When using the standard diagnosis guide (DSM-V), published by the American Psychiatric Association, depression is diagnosed when an individual is experiencing either a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure. When that occurs and four or more of the following symptoms during the same two-week period:
- Excessive sleepiness or insomnia
- Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide
- Diminished ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions
- Significant weight loss (when not dieting) or weight gain (a change of more than five percent of body weight in a month)
- Agitation and restlessness
- Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day
- Significant increase or decrease in appetite
- Feelings of worthlessness or excessive and inappropriate guilt nearly every day
If you feel you are experiencing any of these depression symptoms, contact your doctor and speak with them about your depression treatment options.